Sep 14, 2022

Researchers develop a new way to see how people feel about Artificial Intelligence


Overview of the press release

A research team led by Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU) Professor Hiromi Yokoyama, Ikkatai, and University of Tokyo Institute for Physics of Intelligence Assistant Professor Tilman Hartwig, noticed the ethical attitudes towards AI, a universal, advanced technology, varied between countries. The researchers say recognizing public attitudes about AI in different countries will become increasingly important before deploying new AI technologies.

Their study involved carrying out an online survey in Japan, the United States, and Germany, asking respondents to look at four different AI scenarios and answer 3 questions about each of them, taking into consideration the Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues (ELSI). The first scenario involved using AI for AI-generated singers, the second scenario, AI customer purchases, the third, AI autonomous weapons, and lastly AI predictions of criminal activities. About 1000 respondents in each country were chosen, reflecting their own country's population for age, gender and location.

After analyzing their results, the researchers were able to separate responses into four groups: people with optimistic views, people with negative views, people concerned about legal issues, and those not concerned about legal issues. The team have named this the AI and ELSI segment.

Details of their study were published in AI and Ethics on September 1.


Figure:Answers from respondents in Japan, US, and Germany separated into ethical, legal and traditional answers. By means of segmentation, the responses can be color-coded according to whether the respondent’s answer was positive (light blue), negative (orange), concerned about legal issues (navy) or not concerned about legal issues (crimson). (Credit: Ikkatai et al./Kavli IPMU)


Assistant Professor Tilman Hartwing (Institute for Physics of Intelligence, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo) contributed to this research.


To read the full press release, please visit the website of Kavli IPMU.


Publication details

 Journal AI and Ethics
Segmentation of ethics, legal, and social issues (ELSI) related to AI in Japan, the United States, and Germany


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